Contrastivism in Philosophy (Routledge Studies in Contemporary Philosophy)

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A Pragmatic Approach to Aspect Perception after Feminism, Psychoanalysis, and Questions of Practice in Machuca Editor New Directions in the Philosophical Perspectives on Reframing the Intercultural A Pragmatist Philosophy of Talisse Author Philosophical and Scientific The Cognitive Basis of Ingthorsson Author The Social Contexts of A Defense of Simulated Explanation in Action Theory Epistemology and the Regress Time and the Philosophy of Sigrist Editor Robinson Author The Phenomenology of Real and Series Routledge Studies in Contemporary Philosophy.

Required Cookies These cookies allow you to explore OverDrive services and use our core features. If they are not real, then how do we explain their epistemic utility, or moral value? A central concern of metaphysics is the classification of things into kinds, and to clarify the ontological status of the posited kinds and their members. According to metaphysical naturalism, we should look to scientific practice to answer this question. In his work on Quine, one of the founding parents of metaphysical naturalism, Kemp has explored the idea that the notion of metaphysical possibility is not needed in order to make sense of kinds, and is interested in the thesis that the key to kindhood is the structure of science, not the references of its terms.

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In her work on natural kinds, Corns has argued that a kind should be accepted as natural if it is usefully referenced for scientific explanation and prediction. Using pain as an example, she further argues that some kinds may be real, but not natural, if they are usefully referenced for other purposes. Many philosophers have like to think that while many contingent truths are brute and unexplained, necessary truths are not: there are no brute necessities.

Leuenberger has argued that if this claim were necessary, it would itself be a brute necessity. So if it is true, it is contingent. More generally, metaphysical claims are contingent. Leuenberger has explored the consequences of the view for modal logic.

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Leuenberger is also interested in the metaphysics of possible worlds, and how certain assumptions about how many worlds there are may turn out to be relevant to apparently unrelated philosophical questions. McDonnell has developed a distinctive version of counterpart theory — originally proposed to account for de re modality — to address certain problems for counterfactual theories of causation. Together with Prof. Georgios Pavlakos in the School of Law, Leuenberger is interested in bringing recent developments in metaphysics to bear on traditional questions in the philosophy of law, notably the dispute between positivism and anti-positivism.

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As it turns out, that somewhat elusive contrast is best captured in terms of the notion of grounding: positivism claims, and anti-positivism denies, that legal facts fully grounded in social facts. There are number of research students who have recently completed or are currently working on a thesis in metaphysics and related areas. Topics include: counterfactual theories of causation, causal exclusion, change, foreknowledge and predestination, property realization, the powerful quality view of fundamental properties, the normativity of social practices, and social ontology.

We have recently hosted a visiting postdoctoral researcher working on modality and research projects on:. A reading group on social ontology is currently running:. We have people working in moral epistemology, moral psychology, virtue ethics, political philosophy and philosophy of education.

Our research is broad-ranging, and we are happy to consider prospective research students working in these, and related areas. Within these areas we have a number of particular shared interests and strengths which make Glasgow a distinctive place to pursue research; these offer prospective doctoral students the exciting prospect of working with a team of senior and junior academics pursuing some distinctive lines of inquiry. Brady works on the epistemic value of emotion in our moral thinking, and has recently published a well-received monograph on the subject.

Cowan uses contemporary work in epistemology and the philosophy of perception to illuminate the prospects for ethical intuitionism, and Colburn is researching the history of ideas about the methodology and epistemology of ethics. Brady, Cowan and Pettigrove all work centrally on questions relating to moral psychology.

In particular, Brady and Cowan with colleagues David Bain and Jennifer Corns have interests in the nature and normative significance of pain, and the department has been home two large interdisciplinary projects on the subject: the Nature of Pain - and The Value of Suffering — In addition, Adam Carter has just published a book on pride and moral psychology. This concentration of people working in moral psychology is an unusual — and advantageous — feature of the department. The department has concentrations in both virtue ethics and virtue epistemology.

With respect to the latter, Pettigrove, along with Christoph Kelp and Adam Carter, are key contributors to the ongoing development of virtue epistemology. Colburn and Lazenby work in political philosophy can be divided into two broad areas of overlap, first, distributive justice and, second, autonomy and consent. Together, they are interests in how an autonomy-based account of the competence condition on consent might be developed.

Colburn and Lazenby have been jointly involved in research on what distributive justice requires in the funding of adult education — including whether participants or non-participants should pay for university education — and are involved in further projects in this area. Independently, Colburn is interested in questions of liberal education and neutrality.

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Taken as a whole, this adds up to a lively and supportive research community for people working in moral and political philosophy. As well as frequent workshops and conferences e. Philosophers working in moral and political philosophy at Glasgow are enthusiastic about using their ideas to engage with the wider community. It also involves working with other organizations to bring our influence to bear in the political or cultural spheres. Colburn has been involved in developing policy on a national level, and is on the committee of the Stevenson Trust for citizenship, which runs public lectures and school education programmes on matters concerning politics, citizenship and human rights.

Brady has a long-standing relationship with Quarantine, a Manchester-based theatre company which has used his work for shows and events in Manchester and the UK. He also along with Bain and Colburn worked with Glasgow company Trigger to put on a series of public philosophy events and plays in the run up to the independence referendum.

Philosophy of mind at Glasgow is vibrant and thriving. No fewer than seven of our permanent staff have interests and expertise in this area. Glasgow Philosophy and the CSPE have hosted myriad grant-funded projects in philosophy of mind, as well as numerous postdoctoral researchers, visiting academics, and visiting doctoral students. Our outside speaker programme often features philosophers of mind and, in addition, the CSPE runs a Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience seminar series in collaboration with Psychology, as well as ad hoc reading groups and other events for students, professional researchers, and the general public.

The CSPE has become an internationally renowned research centre, especially for work on perception, experience, and consciousness. Under the directorship of Fiona Macpherson, it has hosted and participated in numerous perception-focused projects and collaborations, supported by a variety of funders such as the AHRC and John Templeton Foundation and involving partnerships with universities all over the world e. Often highly interdisciplinary, these projects include:.

PHILOSOPHY - Language: Contrastivism #4 (Skepticism)

Glasgow Philosophy has also developed over recent years a significant strength in the study of pain and the critically important phenomenon of affect or valence or hedonics -- in other words, the fact that many ingredients of our mental lives bodily sensations, perceptual experiences, emotions, and so forth feel good or bad, are positive or negative, are pleasant or unpleasant.

These involved as postdoc Jennifer Corns, who is now a colleague and with Ben Colburn has led another affect-focused project: Suffering and Autonomy at the End of Life. Also in this area is Glen Pettigrove , who works on emotion from the perspective of virtue ethics and moral psychology. Finally, there is extensive research activity in Glasgow Philosophy on the metaphysics of mind, for instance on the Glasgow Emergence Project led by Stephan Leuenberger and Fiona Macpherson.

Search icon. Close menu icon. Menu icon bar 1 Menu icon bar 2 Menu icon bar 3. Subjects A-Z : Philosophy. Staff research expertise. Key staff Michael Brady J. F urther information about COGITO Epistemic norms, values and aims Christoph Kelp has worked on issues on the value of knowledge, the knowledge norms of assertion and belief and the aim of inquiry. Social Epistemology Christoph Kelp is interested in the epistemology of testimony and disagreement.

Virtue epistemology Michael Brady is interested in the role that emotion plays in intellectual virtue, and in the differences between moral and intellectual virtue, and has chapters forthcoming on both topics. Extended epistemology J.

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Epistemology of perception Michael Brady works on the epistemic role of emotional experience in justifying ethical beliefs and has recently published a highly regarded monograph on this subject. Semantics of knowledge attributions J. Feminist Epistemology Christoph Kelp is interested in the feminist epistemology of disagreement, with a particular focus on group disagreement.

Brady, M. The Epistemic Life of Groups.

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Oxford: OUP. The Epistemic Role of Emotional Experience.

Bagnoli, C. Morality and the Emotions.

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Haddock, A. Epistemic Value.

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American Philosophical Quarterly 43, Adam Carter Carter, J. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research , 95 3 , pp. Carter, J. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

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  7. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research , 92 3 , pp. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research , 91 1 , pp. Robert Cowan Cowan, R. Ethics , 4 , pp.